Smetana seems determined to end on a higher plane, the nature of which is difficult to describe: a flourish for purely musical reasons, or maybe a final affirmation of what survives, what Agitato Assai could not ultimately take away. All rights reserved. Radice Chamber Music. Smallman ABC Chamber. Piano Trio in g minor, Op. Duration : 29 minutes approximately. Composed : age Premiere : December 3, Published :Hamburg: Hugo Pohle age Moderato assai. Allegro, ma non agitato - Alternativo I. Andante - Alternativo II.
From Kai Christiansen. From the Italian word for cheerful or gay. Faster than adagio but slower than allegretto assai — very much. Intensifies the direction of its neighboring words, e. Often, composers or music publishers name movements of compositions after their tempo or mood marking. Often a particular musical form or genre implies its own tempo, so composers need place no further explanation in the score. Here follows a list of common tempo markings. The beats per minute bpm values are very rough approximations for 4 4 time.
These terms have also been used inconsistently through time and in different geographical areas. One striking example is that Allegretto hastened as a tempo from the 18th to the 19th century: originally it was just above Andanteinstead of just below Allegro as it is now.
Common tempo markings in French are:. Erik Satie was known to write extensive tempo and character markings by defining them in a poetical and literal way, as in his Gnossiennes. Many composers have used German tempo markings. Typical German tempo markings are:.
One of the first German composers to use tempo markings in his native language was Ludwig van Beethoven. The one using the most elaborate combined tempo and mood markings was probably Gustav Mahler. For example, the second movement of his Symphony No. Mahler would also sometimes combine German tempo markings with traditional Italian markings, as in the first movement of his sixth symphonymarked Allegro energico, ma non troppo.
Heftig, aber markig Energetically quick, but not too much. Violent, but vigorous . English indications, for example quicklyhave also been used, by Benjamin Britten and Percy Graingeramong many others. In jazz and popular music lead sheets and fake book charts, terms like "fast", "laid back", "steady rock", "medium", "medium-up", "ballad", "brisk", "brightly" "up", "slowly", and similar style indications may appear.
In some lead sheets and fake books, both tempo and genre are indicated, e. The genre indications help rhythm section instrumentalists use the correct style. For example, if a song says "medium shuffle", the drummer plays a shuffle drum pattern; if it says "fast boogie-woogie", the piano player plays a boogie-woogie bassline.
Tempo is not necessarily fixed. It is also possible to indicate a more or less gradual change in tempo, for instance with an accelerando speeding up or ritardando rit. On the smaller scale, tempo rubato refers to changes in tempo within a musical phraseoften described as some notes 'borrowing' time from others.
While the base tempo indication such as Allegro typically appears in large type above the staffadjustments typically appear below the staff or, in the case of keyboard instruments, in the middle of the grand staff. They generally designate a gradual change in tempo; for immediate tempo shifts, composers normally just provide the designation for the new tempo.
Several terms, e. These terms also indicate an immediate, not a gradual, tempo change. Although they are Italian, composers tend to employ them even if they have written their initial tempo marking in another language. While many composers have retained traditional tempo markings, sometimes requiring greater precision than in any preceding period, others have begun to question basic assumptions of the classical tradition like the idea of a consistent, unified, repeatable tempo.
Graphic scores show tempo and rhythm in a variety of ways. Polytemporal compositions deliberately utilise performers playing at marginally different speeds.
John Cage 's compositions approach tempo in diverse ways. More extreme tempos are achievable at the same underlying tempo with very fast drum patterns, often expressed as drum rolls. Such compositions often exhibit a much slower underlying tempo, but may increase the tempo by Agitato Assai additional percussive beats.
Extreme metal subgenres such as speedcore and grindcore often strive to reach unusually fast tempo. The use of extreme tempo was very common in the fast bebop jazz from the s and s. In popular music genres such as discohouse music and electronic dance musicbeatmatching is a technique that DJs use that involves speeding up or slowing down a record or CDJ player, a speed-adjustable CD player for DJ use to match the tempo of a previous or subsequent track, so both can be seamlessly mixed.
Agitato Assai beatmatched two songs, the DJ can either seamlessly crossfade from one song to another, or play both tracks simultaneously, creating a layered effect. DJs often beatmatch the underlying tempos of recordings, rather than their strict bpm value suggested by the kick drum, particularly when dealing with high tempo tracks. Software processing to change the pitch without changing the tempo is called pitch-shifting.
The opposite operation, changing the tempo without changing the pitch, is called time-stretching. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviewsand program notes.
Most of the terms are Agitato Assai see also Italian musical terms used in Englishin accordance with the Italian origins of many European musical conventions.
Sometimes, the special musical meanings of these phrases differ from the original or current Italian meanings. Most of the other terms are taken from French and German, indicated by " Fr. Unless specified, the terms are Italian or English. The list can never be complete: some terms are common, and others are used only occasionally, and new ones are coined from time to time, Agitato Assai.
Some composers prefer terms from their own language rather than the standard terms listed here. From Wikipedia, Agitato Assai free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of musical terminology.
List of definitions of terms and concepts used by professional musicians. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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